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The European Network in Universal and Global History (ENIUGH) was founded in 2002 by transforming the Karl-Lamprecht-Gesellschaft, an affiliate of the World History Association (WHA), into an international organisation that is based on German legislation for non-profit scientific associations. It was formed as an answer to the rapidly growing interest in world history across Europe and the related demand for efficient structures of cooperation as well as for platforms of communication and exchange within Europe and with colleagues from other continents. The activities of the network focus on scientific research and academic teaching, although they are accompanied by a natural interest in both of its counterparts, the debates of a wider public and the education in schools.

World and global history is a very diverse field of knowledge because it is highly influenced in its conceptualization by the different contexts and circumstances of the many places where it is undertaken. This counts in general, but especially for the countries in Europe. The members of ENIUGH, however share two assumptions: Firstly world and global history is understood as arising from experiences with the phenomenon of and discourses on globalization and as responding to the social, political and economical needs, conflicts and challenges that grow out it. It seeks to historise the globalized world, to show in historical terms how it came into being and thus aims to a thoroughly understanding of the current processes of globalization. And secondly a need of a professional historiographical reflection is acknowledged originating from a long tradition of an older teleological universal history that can be traced in many European countries. These traditions have to be taken into account, need to be examined and also in parts re-employed in order to reach a critical attitude towards its influence and implications on current approaches in world and global history. So the characteristic of the activities provided, supported and initiated by ENIUGH is a double historization, the one of the processes of globalization, and the one of earlier efforts in universal and world history. With this a position is linked that is engaged against any uncritical Eurocentricism and claims for superiority – both would fundamentally contradict the degree of entanglement in the practice of the world and global history today. Instead European approaches to world and global history emerge from the reflection on the role played by Europe in recent history and are characterized by the specific academic traditions at European universities and research institutions.


ENIUGH seeks to foster und promote research activities and teaching initiatives through the establishment platforms of communication and exchange for scholars working in the field of world and global history all over Europe. The main instruments to achieve these aims are:


  • to regularly organise a European Congress (LINK) on themes of World and Global History. The explicitly interdisciplinary congress aims to promote the mutual interaction and discussions of themes in world and global history, which have so far still been nationally oriented and seeks to encourage the intertwinement of historical, cultural and social science approaches in the field.
  • to publish with its periodicals COMPARATIV and ‘transnational.history’ and through other forms ongoing efforts in the research of global linkages in a historical perspective.COMPARATIV is a paper based journal that is published in German and English and issued six times a year with interdisciplinary articles presenting recent research result to a wider international public
    history.transnational, an online-forum that uses the advantages of electronic media for fast distribution of and hyperlinks between of information an recent publications in the field, for the announcement of call for papers, conferences and workshops and for thematic discussions of urging questions in world and global history.
  • to offer administrative help for bi- and multilateral cooperation in the fields of Masters and PhD programmes. So far in Europe efforts have been concentrated rather on research than on the educational programs, so an implementation of world and global history in the classroom need attention in the future, because it is vital to the success and visibility of the field.


ENIUGH welcomes all who are engaged in transcending national history and invites for active membership as well as for contribution to its publications and events.