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 Fakultät für Chemie und Mineralogie
Institut für Analytische Chemie


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    (Post: Johannisallee 29)

    Tel.:    +49 341- 97- 36101
    FAX :  +49 341- 97- 36115 

“Classics in Spectroscopy”

Isolation and Structure Elucidation of Natural Products

ISBN 978-3-527-32617-4, WILEY-VCH  2009

Contents

Preface

 

Chapter 1  Alkaloids           1

1.1 Nicotine  from Tobacco         3
1.2  Caffeine  from Green Tea and Green Coffee Beans     25
1.3  Theobromine  from Cocoa Powder        39
1.4  Piperine  from Black Pepper        53
1.5  Cytisine  from Seeds of the Golden Chain Tree      65
1.6 Galanthamine  from the Bulbs of Daffodils “Carlton“      83
1.7 Strychnine  from Seeds of the Strychnine Tree    103

 

Chapter 2 Aromatic Compounds       129

2.1 Anethole  from Ouzo, Containing Anise Extract    131
2.2  Eugenol  from Cloves       143
2.3  Chamazulene  from German Chamomile Flowers    153
2.4  Tetrahydrocannabinol from Marijuana      169

 

Chapter 3 Dyestuffs and Coloured Compounds   189

3.1 Lawsone  from Henna Leaf Powder     191
3.2 Curcumin  from Turmeric       207
3.3 Brazileine   from Pernambuco Wood     221
3.4 Indigo    from Woad       241
3.5 Capsanthin  from Sweet Pepper Powder     261

 

Chapter 4 Carbohydrates         283

4.1 Glucosamine  from the Shells of Common Shrimps    285
4.2 Lactose  from Milk       303
4.3 Amygdalin  from Bitter Almonds      319
4.4 Hesperidin   from the Peel of Mandarin Oranges    335

 

Chapter 5 Terpenoids         357

5.1 Limonene  from Brazilian Sweet Orange Oil    359
5.2 Menthol  from Japanese Peppermint Oil     373
5.3 Thujones    from Common Sage or Wormwood    389
5.4 Patchouli Alcohol from Patchouli       409
5.5 Onocerin   from Spiny Restharrow Roots     427
5.6 Cnicin   from Blessed Thistle Leaves     443
5.7 Abietic Acid  from Colophony of Pine Trees     459
5.8 Betulinic Acid  from Plane-Tree Bark      481

 

Chapter 6 Miscellaneous        501

6.1 Shikimic Acid  from Star Aniseed      503
6.2 Aleuritic Acid  from Shellac       519

 

Answers to Questions and Translations      539

Answers Chapter 1 Alkaloids        539

1.1  Nicotine          539
1.2  Caffeine          541
1.3  Theobromine          544
1.4  Piperine          546
1.5  Cytisine          548
1.6 Galanthamine          552
1.7 Strychnine          554

 

Answers Chapter 2 Aromatic Compounds     558

2.1  Anethole          558
2.2  Eugenol          559
2.3  Chamazulene          561
2.4  Tetrahydrocannabinol         565

 

Answers Chapter 3 Dyestuffs and Coloured Compounds 569

3.1 Lawsone          569
3.2 Curcumin          571
3.3 Brazileine           574
3.4 Indigo            577
3.5 Capsanthin          580

 

Answers Chapter 4 Carbohydrates       583

4.1 Glucosamine          583
4.2 Lactose          585
4.3 Amygdalin          587
4.4 Hesperidin           588

 

Answers Chapter 5 Terpenoids       591

5.1 Limonene          591
5.2 Menthol          595
5.3 Thujones            599
5.4 Patchouli Alcohol         602
5.5 Onocerin           605
5.6 Cnicin           607
5.7 Abietic Acid          610
5.8 Betulinic Acid          614

 

Answers Chapter 6 Miscellaneous      617

6.1 Shikimic Acid          617
6.2 Aleuritic Acid          618

 

Appendix          621

Index            622