Gold Mining and New Regulations of (Sub)National Spaces in Africa
Research AreaAfrican Studies / Anthropology
The growing demand for gold, resulting from the recent global financial crisis, has led various stakeholders to engage with new spatial formats and to transform the spatial orders in gold-producing countries as they adjust to new market conditions. Extractive enclaves compete with other spatial formats such as chiefdoms, municipalities, nation states, and transnational organizations. We hypothesize that the agency of stakeholders on the national and subnational level in shaping these processes has increased since the 1990s. They act in varied ways, for example by mobilizing globally circulating ideas concerning development, resource management, and rights; strategically networking with transnational or non-governmental organizations; or resorting to violence on the ground. This project compares these processes in Burkina Faso and Tanzania.